Prepare to be Monetized, Punk: Google Plays Sherriff with Commercially-Oriented Search Listings
By Andrew Goodman, 12/1/2003
Google recently made far-reaching changes to the way it ranks search results,
and the search marketing community has been abuzz with tales of woe ever since.
have speculated that the key to understanding Google's latest is that they've
applied some sort of test of "commerciality" to certain phrases, roiling
the waters for sites ranked well on those phrases, and leaving non-commercial
phrases more or less alone. The idea is that this would cause a stampede of site
owners over to the paid AdWords program, or at least making the point that Google
isn't up for providing a free lunch to clever "SEO-ized" sites indefinitely.
So is this just a theory? Or has Google composed a hit list of terms that
are commercially valuable, and changed the way it ranks sites on those terms?
And if so, how does it determine which terms to go after? Some really obscure
ones (yet with high bid prices in the pay-per-click program) have seemingly
been affected, just as more popular terms have.
Consider this: they have plenty of data from the Adwords program to help them
decide which terms are "valuable." All the data they need, in fact,
about the number of advertisers competing over certain terms, and how much
they're willing to pay to be shown on them.
But isn't this just wild speculation? How can we know for sure?
One way is to try a few queries on the new Scroogle tool that lists how many
sites on a given query have dropped out of the top 100 since the last index
(I won't go into how this comparison is possible... in fact it may not be possible
for more than a few days as Google is very likely to change the playing field
On a query for "japanese maples," 32 of the former top 100 links
have dropped out of the top 100, including poor #23:
Meanwhile, looking for the latin name, acer palmatum, gives a very different
result. NONE of the links, according to Scroogle, have changed. Google has
done nothing to the existing rankings on this term.
So you might ask yourself: how the heck do they do this? How do they decide
what's commercial, and what isn't?
That's easy. They can look at how many advertisers are advertising on those
terms, and how much they're bidding. (Unfortunately most of those Japanese
Maple sellers weren't smart enough to bid on "japanese maple," let
alone acer palmatum, something they would have done had they listened to our
There's a precedent for this - it might have actually been something that
inspired Google, who knows. Infospace, publisher of the Metacrawler and Dogpile
metasearch engines, came out with a method of determining the degree of commerciality
first, and then assessing how many paid links to show in their mix on Metacrawler
as against ordinary index (unpaid) results. I'm not sure how that filter worked,
but it's likely that it's not particularly sophisticated but rather, largely
tied to the number of advertisers in the space and the average bid on those
In the case of Japanese maple, there are at least five bidders on the term,
whereas acer palmatum only has a couple of bidders, one of whom is selling
Acer computers. If it's only a nickel term anyway, Google figures it's noncommercial
(at least for all practical purposes), so doesn't interfere.
For the term "arboretum," only two links of 100 have dropped out.
There are no advertisers.
For the phrase "pick your own," zero links have changed, according
to Scroogle. There are also zero advertisers.
No listings have changed for "mango chutney." There are three advertisers.
Not enough to create bidding wars, likely top bid less than a quarter.
The term "medical supply," by contrast, has at least twelve advertisers,
including some large multinational corporations. Listings on this phrase have
been shaken up significantly, with 89 of 100 listings dropping out of the top
100. Although not a huge cash cow on the ad side, it's about $1.25 to get into
second spot... just around 0.75 for third position. A bid of 25 cents will
get you into 5th or 6th place.
Now -- who's the new top dog on this term? Moore Medical. Not a household
name, and for heaven's sake don't look at their PageRank, because it's a 2.
But they do seem to be something: relatively deep-pocketed.
"As a $130 million, publicly-held company with more than 50 years of
experience, we have both the infrastructure and distribution network to serve
our customers' needs efficiently and cost-effectively."
The former #1, MedSupplyCo.com, certainly seems like a decent outfit. Good
site, plenty of customers, PageRank of 6. However, not as impressive in other
"The Medical Supply Company, Inc. was founded in 1998. Our goal is to
provide quality medical supplies at discounted prices. We work hard to keep
our customers happy, and it shows. If you have any comments or suggestions
for us, please feel free to drop us a line."
The new #2 site, Allegro Medical, isn't publicly traded like Moore, and indeed
doesn't stand out in particular. One thing you do notice, along with their
PageRank of 5, is that they're a Google advertiser.
So maybe Google's process is essentially a two-stage one:
1. Target "commercial" queries for a "roiling of the waters" -
re-rank all sites falling under certain "commercial" queries, depending
on the perceived value of that term as measured by its value within the AdWords
2. Attempt to make a global judgment as to which of the following "types" a
site or page falls into:
- affiliate seller
The presumption here is that "companies" deserve to keep their listings
and have every right to explain what they do, enjoy strong inbound links, and
have a "presence." But the closer something gets to being a "store," the
more sensible it is to make the purveyor pay for a listing. Otherwise, the
free listings just become an endless playground for SEO's to squeeze free money
out of gaming Google for top rankings.
It has to be something like that. It's certainly no mere "speculation" that
Google is up to something along these lines. There is enough evidence that
points to certain patterns over and over again. The shortest path to the truth
seems to be the following rule: "where there is a critical mass of advertisers,
Google has chosen to re-rank the index."
Admittedly, this is an oversimplification at best. Certainly there are other
characteristics of the re-index that look more like past spam blitzes: sites
which have aggressively pursued link swaps or keyword-rich domains, for example,
have apparently been big losers in the latest blitz. Armchair sleuths are busy
at work trying to unravel what it all means. I suspect there is more continuity
than we would like to admit. Google is doing what search engines have been
doing for years: studying common SEO techniques and trying to ensure that clever
marketers don't get the upper hand in the "free" index. What's different
is how much is at stake if Google can indeed dislodge the best-laid plans of
free-riders at this crucial stage. Next time, maybe they'll think twice about
shunning the advertising program at this time of year.
I think we should, at least, put to rest the idea that there is any overt
or covert "ranking reward" for being an advertiser. The re-ranking
is based on principles that may have been espoused within Google and all search
engines for years. We've seen trends towards giving more top-ten listings to
sites that involve discussion, comparison, content, resources, etc.. It's just
been accelerated now, and made more aggressive.
Another revenue angle to consider: Google now actually stands to make money
from quality content sites which get ranked well. That's because many of these
sites now show AdSense ads, and Google gets a little revenue share from them,
It's ingenious, really. Google has figured out how to get paid much more than
the zilch they used to get paid for running a search engine, whether users
click through to commercial listings or quality content, and yet without assaulting
users with irrelevant, commercialized search index listings. Quite the opposite,
actually. Arguably, relevancy is just as much in evidence as it always was
in the main index. The listings for "acer palmatum" and "icthyology" haven't
So does this mean SEO is dead? Far from it. Responsible search marketers have
always been able to generate a mix of stable top 20 rankings on popular terms
(by doing PR the hard way and generating real, not manufactured, online word-of-mouth),
along with a healthy mix of top five rankings on less popular terms, by highlighting
rich, varied, related content that intersects with the highly specialized search
queries users type in all the time. The techniques for doing that won't be "caught," because
there is nothing wrong with having rich, unique, varied content. (Or products
that hardly anyone else sells!) Advertisers who have always struck the right
balance between paid and unpaid listings, between interesting content and company
information, and commercial pages, won't have been caught flat-footed by this
latest diabolical Google reshuffle.
But plenty of cocky search-marketing cowboys -- those who felt a growing sense
of entitlement to rankings they "earned" for their sites on the strength
of little more than a few cheap parlor tricks -- have been knocked to the dirt
hard in this latest dustup. Most will pick themselves up, knock back a couple
of shots of the hard stuff, and prepare themselves to fight again. But some
won't. Some of Google's most notorious freeloaders may finally gather their
things, put their crumpled black hats on, and ride unsteadily off into the
sunset, never to be heard from again.
That's the hope, anyway.
Andrew Goodman is Editor-at-Large of Traffick.com and the author of "Winning Results with Google Adwords".